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Bill HR 1818 
Detail Cat   Caution 
Detail Contact House Resources Committee on HR 1818 
Date 7/18/2017 

The Natural Resources Committee in the U.S. House of Representatives is being urged by HSUS to conduct a hearing on HR 1818, "The Big Cat Public Safety Act."  This legislation would make it illegal (with certain exemptions) to import, export, transport, sell, breed, or possess lions, tigers, and other exotic cat species.  Please see the Fact Sheet below.

It is important that members of the House Natural Resources Committee hear from stakeholders who oppose this bill in order to counteract the rhetoric of HSUS.  Messages to the full 43-member House Natural Resources Committee can be sent via an online form at  You can also contact the committee via phone, FAX, or mail at:

Committee on Natural Resources

United State House of Representatives

1324 Longworth House Office Building

Washington, DC  20515

Phone (202) 225-2761

FAX (202) 225-5929


Please also contact the bill's sponsor, Rep. Jeff Denham (R-CA), and politely let him know why you oppose this legislation:

Representative Jeff Denham

1730 Longworth HOB

Washington, DC 20515

Phone: (202) 225-4540

Fax: (202) 225-3402


Thank you very much for your attention to this matter, and we will keep you posted if a hearing date is scheduled for this bill. 



HR 1818 – The Big Cat and Public Safety Protection Act (2017)

This most recent version of the bill would restrict the breeding, transportation and possession of several species of big cats by removing the current federal Lacey Act exemptions for exhibitors that are licensed, regulated and inspected by the USDA under the Animal Welfare Act and replacing it with several restrictions, including a requirement that breeding take place

“Pursuant to a species-specific, publicly available, peer-reviewed population management plan developed according to established conservation science principles”

The bill furthermore usurps the USDA’s primary authority under the Animal Welfare Act to determine the requirements for exhibitor licensing and imposes conditions that could unnecessarily prevent many zoos, animal attractions, wildlife parks and traveling circuses from exhibiting, breeding or allowing any form of public contact with big cats.

The bill’s sponsors allege concerns over the possibility that captive-bred big cats could fuel the illegal trade in wildlife parts; however, there is no evidence to support these allegations, as confirmed by both the USFWS and TRAFFIC – a joint program of the World Wildlife Fund and the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

As for public safety, the bill does little to address that issue either. Operators who engage in any type of public exhibition of animals must currently obtain a federal license from the USDA. These exhibitors – which include all zoos, animal parks and circuses, but not all sanctuaries – are subject to the requirements of the federal Animal Welfare Act and are regularly inspected by USDA’s Animal Plant and Health Inspection Service (APHIS). Under the Animal Welfare Act, all licensees must ensure that there are adequate barriers between the public and the animals and that the animals are well cared for, including housing, transport, veterinary care and handling. Failure to do so can result in enforcement actions by the Agency and loss of license.

In essence, the bill only applies to activities that are already regulated, and its prohibitions do not necessarily extend to activities that remain outside of federal reach and within the borders of individual states. As a result, all the bill accomplishes is to further restrict the activities of professional exhibitors that are already subject to oversight and enforcement – not activities that are currently unregulated and, perhaps in some instances, unaccountable.

We oppose the bill because it:

  • Limits the captive breeding of all big cats to those who participate in AZA style cooperative programs, unfairly denying legitimate non-AZA animal attractions access to animals for exhibition and breeding purposes.
  • Adversely impacts captive breeding programs that promote conservation and provide a gene bank for future possible reintroduction or maintenance of sustainable captive populations.
  • Fails to address issues of irresponsible breeding by non-licensed, non-regulated intrastate breeders, and, ironically, provides exemptions for unregulated sanctuaries established to house surplus animals.
  • Unfairly discriminates against legitimate, federally licensed exhibitors who are already subject to regulation under the Animal Welfare Act, Endangered Species Act and Captive Wildlife Safety Act.


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